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清代美人鱼摆件!

2019-11-17 15:19:17  来源:未知

青铜器的修复与保护由于金属类文物的修复保护技术基本相同,青铜器修复保护技术在金属类文物中比较全面,而且青铜器占金属文物中的比例最高,所以本文以青铜器的修复保护为主全面系统的介绍青铜器修复保护技术,大家可从中借鉴其它文物的修复保护方法。

Bronze repair and protection due to metal have the same kind of protection of cultural relics of the repair technology, bronze repair protection technology in metal type of cultural relics is comprehensive, and the highest percentage of the bronze ware of metal cultural relic, so this article is given priority to with bronze repair protect systemic introduced bronze repair protection technology, we can draw lessons from other protection of cultural relics of the repair methods.

 

 

 

在人类历史上曾经历了一段漫长的青铜时代,这是一个以青铜制造工具、用具和武器为特征的人类物质文明发展阶段。所谓青铜是:铜与锡或铅等元素按一定比例熔铸而成的合金,以铜为主,颜色呈青,故名青铜。

There has been a long period of Bronze Age in human history, which is a period of material civilization development characterized by the manufacture of tools, utensils and weapons in bronze. The so-called bronze is: copper and tin or lead and other elements according to a certain proportion of cast alloy, mainly copper, color is blue, named bronze.

 

 

 

此青铜美人鱼摆件先以泥制模,雕塑成美人鱼图案,阴干后再经烧制,使青铜器 其成为母模,然后再以母模制泥范,同样阴干烧制成陶范,熔化合金,将合金浇注入陶范范腔里成器,脱范后再经清理、打磨加工后即为青铜美人鱼成品。

This bronze mermaid furnishing articles to clay molding first, sculpture into a mermaid design, air-dried again after the fire, make bronze ware the master pattern, then to master pattern NiFan, air-dried fired into same pottery mould, melt alloy, the alloy pouring into TaoFanFan cavity inside out, to take off the fan after again after cleaning, polishing and processing is the bronze mermaid finished product.

 

 

 

根据从古代青铜作坊遗址发掘出的实物,再结合青铜器的外形分析,专家认为,中国古代青铜器绝大部分是采用范式铸造方法制作的。

According to the real objects excavated from the ancient bronze workshop site and the appearance analysis of the bronze ware, experts believe that most of the ancient bronze ware in China was made by the normal form casting method.

 

 

 

器物一次浇铸成形的铸造方式,称为浑铸法。器形过大或形状过于复杂,需要将整个器物分为数件分别翻范浇铸,最后拼接成一个整体,这种铸造方法称为分铸法。铸造多个较小物件时,还会将多个铸范层叠装在一起,由一个浇口浇注铜水,一次铸成多件器物,这种工艺称为叠铸法。叠铸法多用于铸造钱币等小型器物,出现于春秋时期,汉代时逐渐流行。

The casting method of one - time casting is called muddy casting. If the shape of the vessel is too large or too complex, it is necessary to divide the whole vessel into several parts and cast them separately, and finally assemble them into a whole. This casting method is called split casting. When casting multiple smaller objects, multiple moulds are also stacked together and cast into multiple objects at one time by pouring copper water from one gate, a process known as overcasting. The method of overlapping casting was mainly used for casting COINS and other small implements. It appeared in the spring and autumn period and became popular in the han dynasty.